The Brazilian educational system is structured according to the table below:
According to the proposed government law No. 9.434, published on December 20, 1996, education in Brazil is divided into the following stages: Basic Education, composed of early childhood education, Elementary School, High School; and Tertiary Education.
The academic year goes from February to November, being divided in two parts by a recess. The school vacations take place in December, January and July.
Basic Education aims to develop students, ensure a common education that is essential for the practice of citizenship and provide ways for them to progress at work and through the following stages of the system. The process can be organized into annual or biannual cycles, based on age, competence and other criteria. Usually, educational institutions divide Basic Education courses into annual terms. All stages are free of charge in public schools.
- Early Childhood Education
It is the first stage of Basic Education. It aims at the child’s full development in many aspects: physical, motor, psychological, intellectual and social. It is the preparation for their complete control over writing and reading.
- Elementary School
The objective of this stage is the basic education of citizens, developing the student’s capacity to learn, using the basic means of reading, writing and calculation. The curriculum also includes classes in the natural and social environment, political systems, technology, arts and the values of life in society. It is nine years long.
- High School
The objectives of this stage are: to consolidate and deepen the knowledge acquired in Elementary School, to prepare students for work and citizenship, ethical education, the development of intellectual self-sufficiency and the comprehension of the scientific and technological grounds of different areas of the human knowledge (languages, human sciences, mathematics and biological sciences). It is three years long.
The Tertiary Education in Brazil aims at stimulating cultural creativity and developing scientific and reflective thinking; training graduates in different areas of knowledge, preparing them for the market; promoting the dissemination of knowledge; encouraging scientific research; among other objectives.
The courses and programs of this period are: sequential, undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate and extension courses in different areas of human knowledge. The courses may be from 2 to 6 years long, in the morning, afternoon or evening periods, or even full time.
For more information, please access: http://emec.mec.gov.br/
For admission to undergraduate and graduate programs, institutions may require a Celpe-Bras test as proof of proficiency in Portuguese. Learn more about this test on: http://portal.inep.gov.br/celpebras