Brazil is a country of continental proportions; its territory extends over more than 8 million Km². Occupying almost all of Latin America’s extent, from North to South, from East to West, it presents a very diversified geography, with a predominance of plateaus and plains.
The Brazilian territory is subdivided into 5 regions: Central West, Northeast, North, Southeast and South. Altogether, there are 26 states and 1 federal district.
The predominant time zone in Brazil is the official Brasília time (BRT) (UTC-3), except for the following states: Acre (UCT – 5), Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rondônia and Roraima (UCT-4). The Southeast and South regions and some Central-West states observe daylight saving time, between October and February of the subsequent year, following the UCT-2 time zone.
The total extension of the territory, and also its proximity to the ocean, makes the Brazilian climate diverse. Brazil is located between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, the predominant climate is the tropical climate – with high temperatures in summer and very mild in winter. However, certain regions present equatorial and subtropical climates.
The seasons are opposite to the ones in the Northern Hemisphere; the summer takes place at the beginning of the year and winter, in the middle. The average annual temperature is of approximately 28°C in the North region and 20°C, in the South. Extreme temperatures are rare, but may occur: in winter, some cities in the South reach negative temperatures, frosts may occur. In Rio de Janeiro, in the middle of the Summer, temperatures can go up to 40°C or higher.